In terms of access request and approval best practices for Identity and Access Management (IAM), some key considerations include:
- Establishing a clear process for requesting access, including who is responsible for approving requests and what information is needed to make a decision.
- Requiring that access requests are only made by authorized individuals and that they include a justification for the access being requested.
- Using automation to streamline the request and approval process, while also ensuring that there are appropriate checks and balances in place.
- Ensuring that access is only granted on a least privilege basis, meaning that users are only given the level of access they need to perform their job functions.
- Regularly reviewing and revoking access that is no longer needed, such as when an employee leaves the organization.
- Have a clear incident response plan in case of compromised credentials.
- Have a clear compliance and audit process to ensure access is granted and used in accordance with regulations and standards.
- Implementing a role-based access control (RBAC) model, where access is granted based on an individual’s role within the organization, rather than on an individual basis. This makes it easier to manage access and ensure that users have the appropriate level of access.
- Implementing multi-factor authentication (MFA) to protect against unauthorized access.
- Regularly monitoring and auditing access to ensure that only authorized individuals are accessing sensitive information and that access is being used in accordance with established policies and procedures.
- Have a clear process for on-boarding and off-boarding employees, including revoking access to all systems and applications when an employee leaves the organization.
- Training employees on IAM policies and procedures, including how to request access and the importance of protecting sensitive information.
- Continuously evaluating and updating IAM policies and procedures to keep up with changing technologies and threats.
It’s important to keep in mind that all of these best practices should be tailored to your organization’s specific needs and requirements.