Here are the 10 key components of Identity and Access Management (IAM):

  1. Identity Governance and Administration (IGA) – the process of managing digital identities, including creating, updating, and deleting user accounts and associated privileges.
  2. Authentication – the process of verifying a user’s identity through a username and password, multifactor authentication, biometrics, or other methods.
  3. Authorization – the process of granting or denying access to resources based on a user’s identity and associated privileges.
  4. Access Control – the process of controlling access to resources and enforcing security policies.
  5. Identity Lifecycle Management – the process of managing a user’s identity throughout their employment or engagement with the organization, from onboarding to termination.
  6. Privileged Access Management (PAM) – the process of managing access to privileged accounts, which have the ability to access critical systems and data.
  7. Directory Services – the storage and management of user identities and associated attributes, such as contact information, roles, and access permissions.
  8. Single Sign-On (SSO) – the process of allowing users to access multiple applications with a single set of login credentials.
  9. Federation – the process of allowing users to access resources across different security domains or organizations without requiring separate login credentials for each.
  10. Auditing and Compliance – the process of monitoring and reporting on user activity to ensure compliance with security policies and regulations.